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Kajiado County Admin August 18, 2023
NAVIGATING CLIMATE CHIMATE CHALLENGES TO ENSURE FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY
The major livelihood zones in
Kajiado County are pastoral,
agro-pastoral and mixed farming. Pastoral activity is the largest, occupying about 80 percent
of the land mass, mainly in Kajiado
West, Kajiado Central and a larger
part of Kajiado South.
Livestock contributes significantly
to households’ food security and incomes, at about 80 percent. Pastoralists derive their income from mainly the sale of livestock and livestock
In the mixed farming livelihood
zone, crop production contributes
between 10 and 30 percent of the
household income, while in the
agro-pastoral livelihood zone, it contributes between 10 percent and
20 percent of the household income.
In the last 20 years, Kajiado County has been experiencing notable changes in climatic conditions,
presenting through increased frequencies of drought, sporadic outbreaks of livestock diseases, and more
cases of livestock migrations within
and outside the county. Due to lack
of enough pasture and water supply,
livestock production and productivity have been impacted negatively.
The poor performance of the long
rains has resulted in low crop yields
for the rain-fed agriculture.
The Department of Agriculture,
Livestock, Irrigation and Fisheries
has embarked on several strategies
that would help enhance food and nutrition security, income generation
and wealth creation. This is through
promotion of modulated pastoralism, competitive agriculture, and
sustainable livestock and fisheries
The overall objective is to improve
animal production, food security and
economic opportunities, and thereby
alleviate poverty, increase income
generation, and improve the livelihoods of pastoral communities and
general human wellbeing. To achieve
this, the department embarked on
the following activities:
• Upscaling livestock feed production and conservation and
livestock breed improvement
through formation and strengthening of existing organised producer groups into cooperatives • Provision of a framework for developing animal feed industry
in the county through the developed Kajiado County Livestock
Feed Strategy 2023.
• Mechanisation of pasture and
fodder production to increase
the acreage and yields on production and range restoration
• Establishment of feedlots to
strengthen the existing livestock marketing infrastructure.
• Establishment and operationalisation of milk aggregation and
processing centres at the ward
and sub-county level.
• Establishment of mobile slaughter houses to support livestock
value chain development.
• Establishment of leather development and processing plant
through completion of Isinya tannery.
• Value addition in tomato to reduce postharvest losses and
increase household incomes
through completion of Namelok
Tomato processing plant.
• Proper grain drying for a controlled environment to harvested grains to minimise contamination by fungus (Aflatoxins
through completion of grain drier at Rombo Improved access to
high quality seedlings for tomato,
onions, kales and spinach.
• Livelihood diversification through
strengthening other alternative sources of livelihood such as
farming of bees, poultry, fish, etc.
• Capacity building to farmers on
best and modern farming methods.
• Increased surveillance of livestock and crop pests and diseases,
e.g desert locust, livestock diseases, such as Foot and Mouth, PPR,
• Provision of extension services
and livestock vaccinations.
• Value addition on livestock and
• Continuous capacity building for
• Provision of farm inputs to farmers.
• Establishment of strategic feed
reserves with more focus on
the pastoral livelihood zones,
where most of the activities will
focus on addressing rehabilitation of the denuded rangelands
and enhancing pasture/fodder
production and conservation.
To address livestock diseases, the
Department has developed strategic plan with the specific objective
of reducing the impact of livestock
diseases by reducing the number of
outbreaks and to improve animal health.
Livestock has been supported
through construction of more than
20 cattle crushes and vaccination
of more than 2.9 million livestock
against diseases that are of economic
importance, such as Rift Valley Fever,
Blue Tongue Disease and Contagious
Caprine Pleuropneumonia Disease
More than 250 water pans have
been constructed and 14,000 fingerlings provided to fish farmers.
The Kenya Climate-Smart Agriculture Programme (KCSAP), has provided farmers with implements to
promote mechanised crop production, including pasture, at smallholder level. This has strengthened both
the agricultural and livestock value
chains in the county.
The KCSAP, through the micro projects, supported 254 groups by providing improved breeds for cattle, dairy
goats, and chicken.
The project has also done integrated
water projects such as Oloontulugum
Integrated Water Project in Kajiado
Central, and rehabilitated Eremit
Springs in Kajiado West, where more
than 2,000 and 3,000 households respectively, are now benefitting with
water for domestic use, livestock production, and small-scale agriculture.
Through the Agriculture Sector Development Support Programme
(ASDSP), producer organisations
have been empowered to produce more profitably through sound
management of the organisations,
value addition and marketing. Such
examples include the 4,000-member
Kajiado Women Dairy Co-operative
Society that will soon have a milk
processing plant, and Kiserian Butchers Co-operative Society that have rehabilitated Kiserian Slaughterhouse
into a modern abattoir capable of
selling high quality meat to commercial entities.